How Does Fiscal Policy Impact You?

“Fiscal policy, monetary policy, they need to work together to try and raise the level of growth” – Joe Hockey

3 min read
Fiscal Policy: How Does It Impact You

How Does Fiscal Policy Impact You?

“Fiscal policy, monetary policy, they need to work together to try and raise the level of growth” – Joe Hockey
3 min read

Fiscal policy, a critical component of economic management, involves the government’s use of spending and taxation to influence economic conditions.

Whilst fiscal policy is a tool utilised by governments, it is important to understand what it is, the pros and cons, and, importantly, how it impacts you.

Those are exactly what you will find out below, so read on!

Fiscal Policy Explained

In its simplest form, fiscal policy refers to the use of government spending and taxation to influence a country’s economy.

It’s a key tool for managing economic performance, aiming to achieve sustainable growth, high employment, and stable prices.

The government adjusts its levels of expenditure and tax rates to monitor and influence a nation’s economy. This approach contrasts with monetary policy, which involves the central bank’s management of interest rates and money supply, and which will have its own article!

The Impact of Fiscal Policy

Fiscal policy’s influence extends beyond immediate economic metrics.

For instance, increased government spending on infrastructure projects not only boosts short-term employment but also enhances long-term productivity by improving transportation and communication networks. This can make a country more attractive to investors, creating sustainable economic growth.

Conversely, tax hikes can dampen consumer spending and business investment, potentially leading to a slowdown in economic activity and affecting the stock market.

Furthermore, fiscal policy decisions can have significant social impacts. Government spending on items such as healthcare, education, and social security can improve quality of life and reduce income inequality. 

However, these benefits must be balanced against the risks of increasing public debt. High levels of debt can limit future fiscal flexibility and may lead to higher taxes or reduced spending on essential services, impacting economic stability and growth prospects. 

The interplay between fiscal policy and social outcomes underscores the complexity of crafting policies that balance short-term economic needs with long-term sustainability.

It can certainly be a complex area through which to navigate, and if you are interested in learning more we encourage you to get in touch with Patterson Mills.

The Pros & Cons

One significant advantage of fiscal policy is its ability to target specific sectors or groups within the economy. For example, during a recession, the government can increase spending on infrastructure projects, directly creating jobs and stimulating demand.

Fiscal policy can also provide immediate relief to the economy through tax cuts or increased public spending and the government to address income inequality by adjusting tax rates and providing social benefits.

Despite its benefits, fiscal policy has several drawbacks. One major issue is the time lag between the implementation of policy changes and their effects on the economy. This delay can make it challenging to time interventions effectively. Additionally, excessive government spending can lead to large budget deficits and increased national debt, which may have long-term negative effects on the economy. Political considerations can also influence fiscal policy, sometimes leading to suboptimal economic decisions driven by electoral cycles rather than economic needs.

How Does Fiscal Policy Impact YOU

Essentially, fiscal policy directly affects you through any changes in taxation and government spending.

Tax cuts increase your disposable income whilst tax increases decrease your disposable income.

Government spending on public services, infrastructure and social programs can improve your quality of life and economic opportunities.

It also extends to your employment prospects and wage growth. When the government implements expansionary fiscal policy (increasing spending or cutting taxes), businesses often experience higher demand for their products or services which can lead to job creation and potentially higher wages.

On the other hand, contractionary fiscal policy can result in the opposite.

Finally, fiscal policy influences the broader economic environment in which you make financial decisions. For example, government investments in education and training programs can enhance your skills and employability, opening up new career opportunities and potentially higher earnings. Infrastructure projects funded by government spending can reduce commuting times and improve access to markets and services, indirectly benefiting your personal and professional life.

However, fiscal mismanagement, leading to high inflation or debt crises, can erode your savings and reduce the purchasing power of your income, highlighting how important fiscal policy is for you and other individuals.

Managing Your Own Fiscal Policy

Whilst you may be unable to influence government decisions outside of the voting booth, you can influence your own spending and, importantly, how you build wealth.

Investing is a great way to start, and for the best possible chance of success, having a Patterson Mills Adviser is paramount.

Get in touch with us today and book your initial, no-cost and no-obligation meeting.

Send us an e-mail to or call us direct at +41 21 801 36 84 and we shall be pleased to assist you.

Please note that all content within this article has been prepared for information purposes only. This article does not constitute financial, legal or tax advice. Always ensure you speak to a regulated Financial Adviser before making any financial decisions.